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Mastro Adamo, the Counterfeiter of Coins, had cirrhosis as described in Dante's Inferno (13th century Florence)

  • R. Bianucci
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: WMS, Microbiology and Infection Unit, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom.
    Affiliations
    Warwick Medical School, Microbiology and Infection Division, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

    Department of Public Health and Paediatric Sciences, Legal Medicine Section, University of Turin, Italy

    UMR 7268, Laboratoire d'Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Etique & Santé (Adés), Faculté de Médecine de Marseille, France
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  • A. Perciaccante
    Affiliations
    Department of Medicine, “San Giovanni di Dio” Hospital, Gorizia, Italy
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  • P. Charlier
    Affiliations
    Section of Medical and Forensic Anthropology (UVSQ & Paris-Descartes University EA 4569), Montigny-Le-Bretonneux, France

    CASH & IPES, Nanterre, France
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  • O. Appenzeller
    Affiliations
    New Mexico Health Enhancement and Marathon Clinics Research Foundation, 361 Ridge Horn Dr, Albuquerque, NM, USA

    New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, 1801 Mountain Road NW, Albuquerque, NM, USA
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  • D. Lippi
    Affiliations
    Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Italy
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Published:February 10, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2017.01.022
      Ascites, the accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity, occurs in many clinical settings such as congestive heart failure, chronic liver disease, nephrotic syndrome, malnutrition with hypo-albuminemia and many more. A frequent cause is chronic inflammation of the liver and long-standing alcohol abuse. Patients with hepatitis B and C are at higher risk of developing ascites [
      • Runyon B.A.
      AASLD Practice Guidelines Committee. Management of adult patients with ascites due to cirrhosis: an update.
      ].

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      References

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        AASLD Practice Guidelines Committee. Management of adult patients with ascites due to cirrhosis: an update.
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