Advertisement

Artificial intelligence in internal medicine: Between science and pseudoscience

  • Henri-Corto Stoeklé
    Affiliations
    Laboratory of Neglected Human Genetics (NHG), CNRGH-CEA, Evry, France

    Centre National de Recherche en Génomique Humaine (CNRGH), Direction de la Recherche Fondamentale, CEA, Institut de Biologie François Jacob, Evry, France
    Search for articles by this author
  • Philippe Charlier
    Affiliations
    Département de Consultations et de Santé Publique/Unité Sanitaire (Hôpital Max Fourestier/Maison d'Arrêt des Hauts-de-Seine), Nanterre, France

    Equipe d'Anthropologie Médicale et Médico-légale (UVSQ)/Laboratoire DANTE - EA 4498, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, France
    Search for articles by this author
  • Christian Hervé
    Affiliations
    International Academy of Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France
    Search for articles by this author
  • Jean-François Deleuze
    Affiliations
    Centre National de Recherche en Génomique Humaine (CNRGH), Direction de la Recherche Fondamentale, CEA, Institut de Biologie François Jacob, Evry, France

    LaBex GenMed, Fondation Jean Dausset, Paris, France

    Centre d'Etudes du Polymorphisme Humain (CEPH), Fondation Jean Dausset, Paris, France
    Search for articles by this author
  • Guillaume Vogt
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Laboratory of Neglected Human Genetics (NHG), CNRGH-CEA, Evry, France.
    Affiliations
    Laboratory of Neglected Human Genetics (NHG), CNRGH-CEA, Evry, France

    Centre National de Recherche en Génomique Humaine (CNRGH), Direction de la Recherche Fondamentale, CEA, Institut de Biologie François Jacob, Evry, France

    Laboratory of Neglected Human Genetics (NHG), INSERM, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France

    Institut Rafaël, Maison de l'Après Cancer, Levallois-Perret, France
    Search for articles by this author
Published:February 07, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2018.01.027
      When faced with new, complex phenomena, humans frantically seek to predict their impact on the individual and society. The more complex the phenomenon, the more difficult it is to understand rapidly, and this situation leads to catastrophic predictions, even more the phenomena concerned are increasingly likely to be products of medicine or science. When faced with novelty or the unknown, humans tend to be afraid, to frighten each other, to ignore reality or to forget their own best interests. Artificial intelligence (AI), particularly in the context of internal medicine, provides a perfect example of this, its uniqueness acting as a “sword of Damocles”. It is the role of bioethics now to deal with those complex phenomenon, which means to make these predictions to find solutions, but without any kind of ideology. So the criticism we make in this letter concerns some methods used to reach this goal, and what the method should definitely be.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to European Journal of Internal Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Alexandre L.
        La guerre des intelligences: intelligence artificielle versus intelligence humaine.
        JCLattès ed, 2017
        • Verghese A.
        • Shah N.H.
        • Harrington R.A.
        What this computer needs is a physician: humanism and artificial intelligence.
        JAMA. 2018 Jan 2; 319: 19-20
        • The Lancet (editorial)
        Artificial intelligence in health care: within touching distance.
        Lancet. 2017; : 390
        • Morin E.
        Introduction à la pensée complexe.
        Editions du Seuil, 2005 (ed1990)
        • Poincaré H.
        La Sciences et l'Hypothèse.
        Editions de la Bohème, 1992 (ed1902)
        • Descartes R.
        Le discours de la méthode.
        Flammarion, 1992 (ed1647)
        • Durand D.
        La systémique.
        Presses universitaires de France (PUF) ed, 1979
        • De Rosnay J.
        Le macroscope: vers une vision globale.
        Editions du Seuil ed, 1975
        • Le Moigne J.
        La théorie du système général: théorie de la modélisation.
        Les Classiques du Réseau Intelligence de la Complexité ed, 1977
        • Stoekle H.C.
        Médecine personnalisé et bioéthique: enjeux éthiques dans l'échange et le partage des données génétiques.
        L'Harmattan ed, 2017