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Brucellosis infection increasing in Southern China

Published:March 15, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2018.03.004
      Brucellosis is the most common zoonotic disease mainly caused by Brucella melitensis infection (biovars 1 and 3) which posed a threat to animal and public health [
      • Grillo M.J.
      • Blasco J.M.
      • Gorvel J.P.
      • Moriyon I.
      • Moreno E.
      What have we learned from brucellosis in the mouse model?.
      ]. Brucellosis symptoms include undulant fever, chronic fatigue, arthritis, meningitis, uveitis, and, occasionally, epididymoorchitis. Transmission to human from infected animal occurs mainly through contact with infected animals or by consuming unpasteurized and unboiled milk or fresh cheese. This disease is very common in Northern China. Because the development of husbandry activities including butchering, and livestock trading is very popular in that area [
      • Lai S.
      • Zhou H.
      • Xiong W.
      • Gilbert M.
      • Huang Z.
      • Yu J.
      • et al.
      Changing epidemiology of human brucellosis, China, 1955–2014.
      ]. Livestock including goats, cattle, and pigs are the main reservoirs for spreading brucellosis.
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