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Pulmonary embolism in young adults (18–45 years)

      Although it is well recognised that incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) increases with age, PE has been shown to be an important cause of mortality in younger age groups. A study by Sakuma et al. in 2007 examining autopsy records found that PE accounted for 2.3% of deaths in the 20–39 age group [
      • Sakuma M.
      • Nakamura M.
      • Takahashi T.
      • et al.
      Pulmonary embolism is an important cause of death in young adults.
      ]. Only 20% of PEs discovered at autopsy had been diagnosed during life. However, there are relatively few studies looking specifically at PE in a younger age group.

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