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Evaluation of antibiotic prescribing in Kabul, Afghanistan

      Antibiotics are the most commonly used drugs which should be prescribed appropriately and with optimum care, otherwise the emergence of resistant organisms will interfere with the treatment result [
      • Mauldin P.D.
      • Salgado C.D.
      • Hansen I.S.
      • Durup D.T.
      • Bosso J.A.
      Attributable hospital cost and length of stay associated with health care-associated infections caused by antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacteria.
      ]. Antibiotic resistance has become a global concern because resistant bacteria and their resistant gene spread rapidly and commonly. The increase in antimicrobial-resistant infections has led to significant morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs, particularly in low-income countries, which face the double burden of fewer antibiotic choices and higher rates of infectious diseases [
      • Sharma S.
      • Bowman C.
      • Alladin-Karan B.
      • Singh N.
      Antibiotic prescribing patterns in the pediatric emergency department at Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation: a retrospective chart review.
      ]. Antibiotic resistance will cause ineffective and unsafe treatment, prolonged disease and hospitalization, increased need for new antibiotics, wastage of resources, adverse drug events and will have a serious consequence to patient and society [
      • Ali H.
      • Zafar F.
      • Alam S.
      • Beg A.E.
      • Bushra R.
      • Manzoor A.
      • et al.
      Drug utilization and prescribing pattern of antibiotics in a tertiary care setups; trends and practices.
      ]. Inappropriate, Irrational, indiscriminate prescribing, widespread use, overuse and misuse of antibiotic are the most important factors involved in the development of antibiotic resistance [
      • Mohammadi M.
      • Mirrahimi B.
      • Mousavi S.
      • Moradi M.
      Drug use evaluation of three widely prescribed antibiotics in A.
      ].

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      References

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