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Mitigation of air pollution by greenness: A narrative review

      Highlights

      • Air pollution is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide.
      • Greenness has a beneficial effect to mitigate pollutants in the air.
      • More efforts are needed to improve greenness in developing and developed countries.

      Abstract

      Air pollution represents one of the world's most important environmental health risks, being associated with an increased rate of multiple diseases (mainly cardiopulmonary) and of premature deaths. A number of actions have been suggested and implemented to mitigate the deleterious health effects of air pollution. Accordingly, recent research has attempted to estimate the beneficial effect of exposure to greenness on human health. In this narrative review, we summarize and review the current literature on the favourable association between greenness and human health in both the outdoor and indoor environments. The potential mechanisms underlying this benefit will be also addressed.

      Keywords

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