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Role of ultrasound in the diagnosis of tuberculosis

      Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most important infectious diseases affecting a sobering 10 million people worldwide per year and causing 1.6 million deaths annually [
      ]. The large majority of cases are seen in Sub-Saharan Africa and in other low-and-middle-income countries (LMIC) with strained health systems. The search for affordable diagnostic tools is therefore a pressing topic for these countries. Over the past years, increasing migration also brought TB patients to Europe, requiring European hospitals and physicians to diagnose a disease [
      • Giordani M.T.
      • Brunetti E.
      • Binazzi R.
      • Benedetti P.
      • Stecca C.
      • Goblirsch S.
      • et al.
      Extrapulmonary mycobacterial infections in a cohort of HIV-positive patients: ultrasound experience from Vicenza, Italy.
      ], which used to be considered either “historical” or “tropical.”
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