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HIV-Tuberculosis co-infection: A growing public health issue and the need for guidelines development

      Tuberculosis (TB) is the main cause of death amongst human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals worldwide, while 14 million people are estimated to be dually infected [
      • Getahun Haileyesus
      • Gunneberg Christian
      • Granich Reuben
      • Nunn Paul
      HIV infection—associated Tuberculosis: the epidemiology and the response.
      ]. In Europe only, the estimated number of deaths from TB in HIV infected patients exceeded 5100 in 2016. What is more, in EU/EEA countries coinfection was most prevalent amongst males and those between ages 25–44 years [
      • Van der Werf M.J.
      • Ködmön C.
      • Zucs P.
      • Hollo V.
      • Amato-Gauci A.J.
      • Pharris A.
      Tuberculosis and HIV coinfection in Europe: looking at one reality from two angles.
      ]. A recent study has shown that migration has played a major role in the increasing numbers of co-infected individuals in Europe, as migrants coming from a low-income background were shown to be more susceptible to co-infection compared to national population. The purpose of this article is to highlight the need for a concrete framework of action towards this growing public health issue.
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