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Worldwide epidemiology of alcohol and drugs abuse

Published:October 31, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2019.10.019
      Although there is widespread perception that the burden of alcohol and drugs abuse is relatively common around the world [
      • Papazisis G
      • Tsakiridis I
      • Siafis S.
      Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs among Medical Students and the Relationship With Illicit Drug, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use.
      ], no recent epidemiologic information has been published in support of this assumption to the best of our knowledge. Therefore, in this concise report we present an update on worldwide epidemiology of alcohol and drug abuse disorders, based on official data of the World Health Organization (WHO) [

      World Health Organization. Global Health Estimates 2016: Disease burden by Cause, Age, Sex, by Country and by Region, 2000-2016. Geneva. 2018. Available from: https://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/estimates/en/index1.html. LastAccessed: 12 July 2019.

      ]. Information from the last update (year 2016) of the WHO database on burden of diseases, expressed as cause-specific disability-adjusted life year (DALYs) or mortality, is hence summarized in Table 1, along with the corresponding figures for the year 2000.
      Table 1Current epidemiology of alcohol and drug abuse disorders.
      Condition YEAR 2016 YEAR 2000
      DALYs
      Millions
      Deaths
      Millions
      DALYs
      Millions
      Deaths
      Millions
      Number % of total Variation from 2000 Number % of total Variation from 2000 Number % of total Number % of total
      Alcohol abuse disorders 18.45 0.69% +8.1% 145.57 0.26% -2.2% 17.07 0.61% 148.80 0.28%
      Drug abuse disorders 21.89 0.82% +26.7% 160.24 0.28% 47.4% 17.27 0.61% 108.72 0.21%
      - Opioid 16.64 0.62% +26.9% 118.62 0.21% 43.3% 13.11 0.47% 82.78 0.16%
      - Cocaine 1.24 0.05% +37.2% 9.43 0.02% 83.9% 0.90 0.03% 5.13 0.01%
      - Amphetamine 1.00 0.04% +36.2% 7.10 0.01% 160.1% 0.73 0.03% 2.73 0.01%
      - Cannabis 0.65 0.02% +10.0% <0.01 0% 0.59 0.02% <0.01 0%
      - Other drugs 2.37 0.09% +22.5% 25.08 0.04% 38.8% 1.93 0.07% 18.07 0.03%
      Millions

      Keywords

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      References

        • Papazisis G
        • Tsakiridis I
        • Siafis S.
        Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs among Medical Students and the Relationship With Illicit Drug, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use.
        Subst Abuse. 2018; 12 (1178221818802298)
      1. World Health Organization. Global Health Estimates 2016: Disease burden by Cause, Age, Sex, by Country and by Region, 2000-2016. Geneva. 2018. Available from: https://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/estimates/en/index1.html. LastAccessed: 12 July 2019.

      2. World Health Organization. Projections of mortality and causes of death, 2016 to 2060. Available from: https://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/projections/en/. LastAccessed: 12 July 2019.