- •The incidence of Acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients primarily hospitalized for Acute heart failure (AHF) in 24.3%.
- •AKI in AHF hospitalization is associated with significantly higher in-hospital mortality, longer duration of hospital stay and an increased cost of hospitalization.
- •Patients presenting with AKI in AHF have higher rates of in-hospital complications including cardiac arrest, cardiogenic shock, transfusion of blood and blood products, and vascular complications.
- •Patients presenting with AKI in AHF undergo more invasive procedures including permanent pacemaker implantation, implantable cardioverter defibrillation, cardiac resynchronization and mechanical ventilation.
- •There has been a steady increase in the incidence of AKI among patients hospitalized with AHF between the year 2012-2014 in the United States.
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