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The CHA2DS2-VASc score and Geriatric Multidimensional Assessment tools in elderly patients with persistent atrial fibrillation undergoing electrical cardioversion. A link with arrhythmia relapse?

      Highlights

      • The CHA2DS2-VASc score correlates with cognitive status and depressive symptoms.
      • The CHA2DS2-VASc score is also associated with physical performance.
      • Such a correlation is enhanced by simultaneously considering depressive symptoms.
      • The CHA2DS2-VASc score could give an indication of frailty status.
      • The CHA2DS2-VASc score is higher in patients with a new post-cardioversion AF.

      Abstract

      Introduction

      The CHA2DS2-VASc score is widely used for stroke risk stratification in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Our endpoints were to evaluate in an old population undergoing electrical cardioversion (ECV) of persistent AF if the CHA2DS2-VASc was associated with some of the Geriatric Multidimensional Assessment tools and with the presence of sinus rhythm at the follow-up.

      Methods

      We enrolled all the consecutive patients admitted in a day-hospital setting aged ≥60 years. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE; neurocognitive function), the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS; depressive symptoms) and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB; physical functioning) were administered before ECV.

      Results

      Between 2017 and 2019, 134 patients were enrolled (mean age: 77±9 years, range: 60-96; men: 63.4%; EF: 60±12%). Hypertension was the most frequent comorbid condition (82.1%). The CHA2DS2-VASc score was 3.8±1.6. Abnormal values of MMSE, GDS and SPPB were observed in 7.9, 19.8 and 22.3% of cases, respectively. There were significant correlations between the CHA2DS2-VASc score and the MMSE (p=0.008), the GDS (p<0.001) and the SPPB (p<0.001). Depressive symptoms increased CHA2DS2-VASc correlation with SPPB of about 20%. CHA2DS2-VASc score was higher in patients with arrhythmia relapse (p=0.048; mean length of follow-up: 195 days). This association persisted even after adjustment for amiodarone therapy.

      Conclusions

      The CHA2DS2-VASc score significantly correlated with neuro-cognitive performance, depressive symptoms and physical functioning. It was also associated with AF relapse. Accordingly, in the elderly, the CHA2DS2-VASc could help quantify thrombo-embolic risk, give an indication of frailty status and help to choose between a rate- and a rhythm-control strategy.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      AF (atrial fibrillation), GDS (Geriatric Depression Scale), ECV (electrical cardioversion), MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination), SPPB (Short Physical Performance Battery)
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