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Publication and citation inequalities faced by African researchers

Published:August 17, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2022.08.014
      The study of discrimination in research focused primarily on gender inequalities [
      • Sebo P.
      • Clair C.
      Gender gap in authorship: a study of 44,000 articles published in 100 high-impact general medical journals.
      ,
      • Sebo P.
      • Oertelt-Prigione S.
      • de Lucia S.
      • Clair C
      COVID-19: a magnifying glass for gender inequalities in medical research.
      ], and programs were launched in many countries to increase representation of women in key-positions and improve their career prospects. However, discrimination does not only affect women. According to a relatively old study not limited to medicine, researchers from African countries appear to be markedly underrepresented as authors of scientific publications [
      • Pouris A.
      • Pouris A.
      The state of science and technology in Africa (2000–2004): a scientometric assessment.
      ]. Yet science and technology are critical to Africa's economic prosperity, as it is estimated that advances in scientific knowledge can increase a country's gross domestic product by one-third [
      • Vaughan C.L.
      Alternatives to the publication subsidy for research funding.
      ]. The reasons of this publication gap are probably multiple, including resource constraints, institutional racism, bias towards diseases of poverty and under-representation of African researchers in editorial and advisory boards of scientific journals [
      • Horton R.
      Medical journals: evidence of bias against the diseases of poverty.
      ,

      Chima, Sylvester C. Is there evidence of viewpoint discrimination against academic research from the global South: implications for global justice, institutionalized racism, and global inequalities in healthcare. Published online August 31, 2021. doi:10.5281/ZENODO.5348364.

      ].

      Keywords

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