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Health differences between adults with and without intellectual disabilities at the internal medicine department: A first step to improve awareness of intellectual disabilities among healthcare professionals

  • Anna G.W. Rosenberg
    Affiliations
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

    Center for Adults with Rare Genetic Syndromes, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
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  • Wesley Langendoen
    Affiliations
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

    Center for Adults with Rare Genetic Syndromes, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
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  • Aart J. van der Lely
    Affiliations
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
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  • Jifke F. Veenland
    Affiliations
    Biomedical Imaging Group Rotterdam, Department of Radiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

    Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
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  • Laura C.G. de Graaff
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Affiliations
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

    Center for Adults with Rare Genetic Syndromes, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

    Academic Centre for Growth Disorders, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
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Published:September 02, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2022.08.032

      Highlights

      • Physicians often miss the subtle signs of intellectual disability (ID).
      • Physical complaints due to missed ID often present as internal medicine problems.
      • Missing ID leads to unnecessary diagnostic procedures and treatments.
      • Height, BMI, health problems and medication differ between ID and no-ID adults.
      • These differences may aid in the development of an ID alert to improve ID awareness.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      A.I. (Artificial intelligence), BMI (Body mass index), DM (Diabetes mellitus), EHR (Electronic health record), EMCR (Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam), ICD (International Classification of Diseases), ID (Intellectual disabilities), IQ (Intelligence quotient), IQR (Interquartile range), PWS (Prader-Willi syndrome), SD (Standard deviation)
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