For whom the bell tolls: Attacks on Ukrainian healthcare threatens us all

Published:October 25, 2022DOI:
      Dear Editor


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to European Journal of Internal Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Levy B.S.
        • Leaning J.
        Russia’s War in Ukraine-the devastation of health and human rights.
        N Engl J Med. 2022; 387: 102-105
      1. William Shakespeare The Life and Death of King Richard the Second 2,:1 Last accessed September 15, 2022.

      2. World Health Organization. Surveillance System for Attacks on Health Care. Last accessed July 13, 2022.

        • Cavaliere G.A.
        Terrorist attacks against healthcare facilities: a review.
        Health Secur. 2021; 19: 546-550
      3. Harmon G.E. Threats, intimidation against doctors and health workers must end. February 3, 2022. Last accessed July 13, 2022.

        • Larkin H.
        Navigating attacks against health care workers in the COVID-19 era.
        JAMA. 2021 May 11; 325: 1822-1824
        • Nigrin D.J.
        When ‘hacktivists’ target your hospital.
        N Engl J Med. 2014; 371: 393-395
        • Pendergrast T.R.
        • Jain S.
        • Trueger N.S.
        • Gottlieb M.
        • Woitowich N.C.
        • Arora V.M.
        Prevalence of personal attacks and sexual harassment of physicians on social media.
        JAMA Intern Med. 2021; 181: 550-552
        • Phillips J.P.
        Workplace violence against health care workers in the United States.
        N Engl J Med. 2016; 374: 1661-1669
      4. S.4268 - Health Care Providers Safety Act of 2022. Last accessed September 1, 2022.